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Syntax

Class at Faculty of Arts |
AAA22009A

Syllabus

1. The sentence, the utterance. Communicative sentence types. The declarative sentence.

2. The interrogative sentence (yes-no questions, wh-questions, alternative questions)

3. Imperative, exclamative and optative sentences.

4. Valency, complementation, modifications. Clause patterns with copulas and lexical verbs (intrasitive, transitive and verbs with multiple complementation)

5. English counterparts of Czech subjectless verbal and verbless sentence. Subject-predicate sentences with nonverbal predicates.

6. Clause elements. The subject. The direct object.

7. Indirect object, prepositional object, integrated adverbials.

8. Nonintegrated adverbials (sentence modifiers)

9. Apposition and noun modifiers.

10. The compound sentence. Classification of the complex sentence. Nominal content clauses.

11. Adjectival and nominal relative clauses.

12. Adverbial clauses.

Annotation

The course in modern English syntax is conceived from a contrastive English-Czech point of view. It concentrates on the syntax of the simple sentence and of the multiple sentence. The simple sentence is presented in terms of the constitutive features and functions of the basic sentence types. The syntactic structure of the simple sentence is explained on the basis of clause patterns realizing the valency structure of the verb. Clause elements are dealt with from the vewpoint of form, means of realization, semantic roles, including the FSP function in the case of marked word order differences between

English and Czech. Nonfinite verb forms are included in the realization forms of the clause elements. The syntax of the multiple sentence proceeds from the distinctions between parataxis and hypotaxis to the classification of subordinate clauses, which are grouped according to their role in the sentence structure into nominal content, relative and adverbia clauses, with further subclasification.