Charles Explorer logo

Syntactic locality

Class at Faculty of Arts |


syntactic relations the notion of distance unbounded long-distance dependency locality constraints - islands types of islands coordination structure constraint complex NP island factive island negative island etc. theories of locality and islands syntactic theories semantic/pragmatic theories information structural theories cognitive theories empirical methodology for testing locality theories gradient acceptability

This text is not available in the current language. Showing version "cs".Annotation

This seminar is concerned with the distance between two elements of a syntactic relation - called syntactic locality. In the sentence "Who brought the flowers?" all syntactic relations are local in the sense that they are realized within a single clause.

In the sentence "Who do you think brought the flowers?" the subject interrogative pronoun "who" is in a long-distance relation to its predicate "brought (the flowers)" because the subject is realized in a different clause than its predicate. In the seminar, we investigate the distance that a syntactic relation can span and the various limits posed on the distance.

Syntactic locality is affected by a multitude of factors - syntactic, semantic, pragmatic, information structural, and cognitive. There has been a lively debate - often based experimental data - as to which factors are crucial in which cases.

Syntactic locality thus gives students a great chance of getting acquainted with various approaches to syntax - generative and cognitive - as well as with experimental approaches to syntax.