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1. Fundamentals of circuit analysis Ohm's law; Kirchhoff's laws, analysis of networks with resistors, capacitors, inductances and voltage and current sources. Vector and complex-number representations. Thevenin's theorem. Equivalence of real voltage and current sources. *

2. Operational amplifiers Basic parameters of operational amplifiers, equivalent circuits. Real operational amplifiers, frequency response, noise. Comparators. Examples of applications - regulation, power supplies. *

3. Principles of semiconductor elements Physical principles of diodes, bi-polar and uni-polar transistors, and other semiconductor elements. Characteristics of diodes and their application (rectifiers, filters, switching circuits). *

4. Amplifiers, feed-back loop Working point, working line, common base, emitter and collector circuits. Single-stage and multi-stage amplifiers, inter-stage coupling, frequency response. Amplifier classifications (broad-band, selective, AC, DC, impulse, power amplifiers). Feed-back loop in amplifiers, its influence on amplifier characteristics. *

5. Optoelectronic elements and their application Photo-resistor, photodiode, phototransistor - functional principles, examples of applications. LED diodes, opto-couplers, examples of analog circuits with optical coupling. *

6. Signal generators Harmonic generators with LC and RC circuits, crystal controlled oscillators. Generators of non-harmonic signals (triangle, saw-tooth, square wave), flip-flop triggers. *

7. Logic operations, digital integrated logic systems Logic functions, Boole's logical algebra, principles of binary arithmetic. Integrated logic circuits (TTL, CMOS). Examples of combinatory circuits (decoders, multiplexers, comparators, code converters) and sequential circuits (flip-flops, registers, counters). *

8. AD and DA conversions Principles, classification and characteristics of D/A converters. Principles and classification of A/D converters. Examples of applications. *

9. Microcomputer and its components Basic microcomputer architecture, types and properties of buses. Classification of memories (ROM, PROM, EPROM, static and dynamic RAMs). ALU and control unit of microprocessors.

Basic approaches to linear circuit analysis. Integrated operational amplifiers. principles of semiconductor devices.

Amplifiers, feed-back loop. Optoelectronic devices and their applications.

Signal generators. Fundamentals of digital electronics, classification and application of digital circuits.

D/A and A/D converters. Microcomputer and its parts.