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The Structure of Myristoylated Mason-Pfizer Monkey Virus Matrix Protein and the Role of Phosphatidylinositol-(4,5)-Bisphosphate in Its Membrane Binding

Publication at Faculty of Mathematics and Physics |


We determined the solution structure of myristoylated Mason-Pfizer monkey virus matrix protein by NMR spectroscopy. The myristoyl group is buried inside the protein and causes a slight reorientation of the helices.

This reorientation leads to the creation of a binding site for phosphatidylinositols. The interaction between the matrix protein and phosphatidylinositols carrying C-8 fatty acid chains was monitored by observation of concentration-dependent chemical shift changes of the affected amino acid residues, a saturation transfer difference experiment and changes in P-31 chemical shifts.

No differences in the binding mode or affinity were observed with differently phosphorylated phosphatidylinositols. The structure of the matrix protein phosphatidylinositol-(4,5)-bisphosphate [PI(4,5)P-2] complex was then calculated with HADDOCK software based on the intermolecular nuclear Overhauser enhancement contacts between the ligand and the matrix protein obtained from a C-13-filtered/C-13-edited nuclear Overhauser enhancement spectroscopy experiment.

PI(4,5)P-2 binding was not strong enough for triggering of the myristoyl-switch. The structural changes of the myristoylated matrix protein were also found to result in a drop in the oligomerization capacity of the protein. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd.

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