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Galectin-7: will the lectin's activity establish clinical correlations in head and neck squamous cell and basal cell carcinomas?

Publication at First Faculty of Medicine |


The human lectin galectin-7 (Gal-7; p53-induced gene-1) has anti- and pro-malignant features in different in vitro models. We tried to clarify relation of its expression to cellular and clinical parameters in head and neck squamous and basal cell carcinomas.

Using a non-cross-reactive antibody, immunohistochemical staining in squamous cell epithelia (epidermis, epithelium of oropharynx and larynx) (n = 57), squamous cell carcinomas (n = 47) and lymph node metastases (n = 25), as well as basal cell carcinomas (n = 10) were studied. This monitoring was flanked by processing to assess the level of differentiation (cytokeratins 10 and 14), proliferation (Ki67) and basal lamina formation (collagen IV).

The results were correlated with clinical and pathological findings (grading, TNM-staging, extracapsular spread, angio- and lymphangioinvasion, perineural invasion, recurrence and survival). Gal-7 resides in all layers of epithelia with cytoplasmic and nuclear localization in normal specimens.