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Dopamine 2 receptor expression in various pathological types of clinically non-functioning pituitary adenomas

Publication at First Faculty of Medicine |


Clinically non-functioning pituitary adenomas account for about one-third of pituitary tumors. The majority of them are pathologically classified as gonadotropinomas or null-cell adenomas without hormonal expression.

The rest represent silent corticotroph adenomas and plurihormonal tumors. Conservative therapy with dopamine agonists is effective in some cases only depending on the expression of dopamine 2 receptors (D2R).

The aim of this study was to quantitatively estimate D2R expression in clinically non-functioning pituitary adenomas and correlate the results with adenoma type according to pathological classification. Out of the 87 adenomas investigated, 63 expressed gonadotropins, 7 were silent corticotroph adenomas, 7 were plurihormonal tumors, and only 6 did not express any pituitary hormone on immunohistochemical investigation.