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Detection of multiple sclerosis in the general practitioner

Publication at First Faculty of Medicine |


First symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS) may be very discrete and are often overlooked or remain unresolved. The article provides an overview of most often seen first symptoms of MS which should lead to further examinations.

These are paresthaesias, opthalmological symptoms, dizziness, instability, weakness, and also unspecific symptoms like excessive fatique and depression. Nowadays, early diagnostics serves to early start of effective treatment which is the only prevention of later disability.

New diagnostic criteria enable to set the diagnosis of MS in a lot of patients in the time of first symptoms. However, careful differential diagnostics to exclude other possible causes of symptoms is always mandatory.