Publikace na Matematicko-fyzikální fakulta |

2016

Dynamic programming techniques are well-established and employed by various practical algorithms, including the edit-distance algorithm or the dynamic time warping algorithm. These algorithms usually operate in an iteration-based manner where new values are computed from values of the previous iteration.

The data dependencies enforce synchronization which limits possibilities for internal parallel processing. In this paper, we investigate parallel approaches to processing matrix-based dynamic programming algorithms on modern multicore CPUs, Intel Xeon Phi accelerators, and general purpose GPUs.

We address both the problem of computing a single distance on large inputs and the problem of computing a number of distances of smaller inputs simultaneously (e.g., when a similarity query is being resolved). Our proposed solutions yielded significant improvements in performance and achieved speedup of two orders of magnitude when compared to the serial baseline.