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Donor-specific antibodies require preactivated immune system to harm renal transplant

Publication at Central Library of Charles University |


Background: It is an unresolved issue why some kidney transplant recipients with pretransplant donor-specific HLA antibodies (DSA) show a high transplant failure rate, whereas in other patients DSA do not harm the graft. We investigated whether help from preactivated T-cells might be necessary for DSA to exert a deleterious effect.

Methods: The impact of pretransplant DSA and immune activation marker soluble CD30 (sCD30) on 3-year graft survival was analyzed in 385 presensitized kidney transplant recipients. Findings: A deleterious influence of pretransplant DSA on graft survival was evident only in patients who were positive for the immune activation marker sCD30.

In the absence of sCD30 positivity, 3-year graft survival was virtually identical in patients with or without DSA (83.1 +/- 3.9% and 84.3 +/- 2.8%, P = 0.81). A strikingly lower 3-year graft survival rate of 62.1 +/- 6.4% was observed in patients who were both sCD30 and DSA positive (HR 2.92, P = 5000 MFI, the 3-year graft survival rate was high if the recipients were sCD30 negative.

Interpretation: Pretransplant DSA have a significantly deleterious impact on graft survival only in the presence of high pretransplant levels of the activation marker sCD30.