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A novel prognostic nomogram predicts premature failure of kidney allografts with IgA nephropathy recurrence

Publication at Faculty of Physical Education and Sport |


Background: Recurrence of immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) limits graft survival in kidney transplantation. However, predictors of a worse outcome are poorly understood.

Methods: Among 442 kidney transplant recipients (KTRs) with IgAN, 83 (18.8%) KTRs exhibited biopsy-proven IgAN recurrence between 1994 and 2020 and were enrolled in the derivation cohort. A multivariable Cox model predicting allograft loss based on clinical data at the biopsy and a web-based nomogram were developed.

The nomogram was externally validated using an independent cohort (n = 67). Results: Patient age 1 g/24 hours [HR 3.12 (95% CI 1.40-6.91), P = .005] and C4d positivity [HR 2.93 (95% CI 1.26-6.83), P = .013] were found to be associated with graft loss in patients with IgAN recurrence.

A nomogram predicting graft loss was constructed based on clinical and histological variables, with a C statistic of 0.736 for the derivation cohort and 0.807 for the external validation cohort. Conclusions: The established nomogram identified patients with recurrent IgAN at risk for premature graft loss with good predictive performance.