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NPFFR2-deficient mice fed a high-fat diet develop strong intolerance to glucose

Publication at Faculty of Physical Education and Sport |


A previous study on neuropeptide FF receptor 2 (NPFFR2)-deficient mice has demonstrated that NPFFR2 is involved in the control of energy balance and thermogenesis. Here, we report on the metabolic impact of NPFFR2 deficiency in male and female mice that were fed either a standard diet (STD) or a high-fat diet (HFD) and each experimental group consisted of ten individuals.

Both male and female NPFFR2 knockout (KO) mice exhibited severe glucose intolerance that was exacerbated by a HFD diet. In addition, reduced insulin pathway sig-naling proteins in NPFFR2 KO mice fed a HFD resulted in the development of hypothalamic insulin resistance.

HFD feeding did not cause liver steatosis in NPFFR2 KO mice of either sex, but NPFFR2 KO male mice fed a HFD had lower body weights, white adipose tissues, and liver and lower plasma leptin levels compared with their wild-type (WT) controls. Lower liver weight in NPFFR2 KO male mice compensated for HFD-induced metabolic stress by in-creased liver PPAR alpha and plasma FGF21 hepatokine, which supported fatty acid (3-oxidation in the liver and white adipose tissue.

Conversely, NPFFR2 deletion in female mice attenuated the expression of Adra3(3 and Ppar gamma, which inhibited lipolysis in adipose tissue.