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Drought-tolerant hop genotypes - A promising solution to the problem of climate change for the hop industry?

Publication at Faculty of Science, Central Library of Charles University |


Climate change can negatively influence hop yield and its quality. Cultivation areas limited by the prohibition of using water from small water sources are most at risk.

In order to prevent these areas from completely disappearing in the future, planting hops with varieties or genotypes tolerant to drought could be a promising solution. Therefore, Czech hop breeding targets drought-tolerant genotypes with high crop yield and stability of quantitative and qualitative parameters which will also be well-usable in the Czech brewing industry.

Twelve promising genotypes (5165 (Uran), 5194, 5304, 5348, 5398, 5432, 5461, 5464, 5465, 5646, 5669, and 5693) were selected after measurement of their physiological parameters and their basic chemical and sensorial properties were determined. Simultaneously, they were assessed from the point of view of brewing quality using sensory and chemical analysis using a brewing test.

For this purpose, experimental beer using identical decoction single-hopped technology, where a hop aroma was highlighted using hopping in a whirlpool was prepared. The results show that three genotypes belong to the category of bitter varieties (5165, 5194, and 5304), whereas the other are genotypes exhibiting the character of aromatic varieties.

From a grower's point of view, genotypes 5165 (Uran), 5194, 5348, 5398, and 5461 show a very high yield. The overall impression of all beer samples is very good, bitterness is fine in most samples and hop aroma is mostly hoppy, herbal, woody, spicy, and in some cases also fruity (5304, 5461, 5465, 5646, and 5693).