Publication at Faculty of Mathematics and Physics |

2023

In this paper, we present neural networks learning mechanical systems that are both symplectic (for instance particle mechanics) and non-symplectic (for instance rotating rigid body). Mechanical systems have Hamiltonian evolution, which consists of two building blocks: a Poisson bracket and an energy functional.

We feed a set of snapshots of a Hamiltonian system to our neural network models which then find both the two building blocks. In particular, the models distinguish between symplectic systems (with non-degenerate Poisson brackets) and non-symplectic systems (degenerate brackets).

In contrast with earlier works, our approach does not assume any further a priori information about the dynamics except its Hamiltonianity, and it returns Poisson brackets that satisfy Jacobi identity. Finally, the models indicate whether a system of equations is Hamiltonian or not.